It's well know that type 2 diabetes is on the rise around the world. Furthermore, as we tell our readers over and over again, the inflammatory changes that eventually cause type 2 diabetes are preceded by another set of inflammatory reactions that cause weight gain. Something other than simple overeating is making people gain weight and, in many cases, then become diabetic. But what is it that is bugging so many type 2 diabetics?
The answer may be "gut bugs," or the bacteria that live in the colon. When we eat, we don't just nourish ourselves. We also nourish the trillions of bacteria that live inside our digestive tract.
Some of these bacteria break down fibers that can't be digested by the human digestive tract into sugars that flow into the bloodstream. Overeating encourages the growth of Bacteriodetes and Firmicutes bacteria that in turn release enzymes that stop the flow of fatty acids out of fat cells--making sure there's more left for them. Eating modestly encourages the growth of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus bacteria, the healthy bacteria that replace the bad ones. When this happens, fat cells don't get the bacterial message to store fat, and weight loss is easier.
What this means is that some kinds of bacteria make overeating pack on even more pounds and other kinds of bacteria make dieting even more effective for weight loss. When you go on a diet, make sure to eat yogurt or to take a probiotic supplement several times a day to keep the fat-packing bacteria in check. Yogurts that contain a variety of healthy bacteria, not just Lactobacillus, are even more likely to help.